Menstruation Can Also Cause Anemia, Here Are 4 Ways To Prevent It
Severe periods that last longer than normal can dramatically reduce the number of red blood cells. Gradually, hemoglobin and iron will go down so you are prone to anemia. Fortunately, there are a number of tips that can help you prevent anemia during menstruation.
How to prevent anemia during menstruation
Every woman has a different menstrual pattern. You who often experience heavy menstruation need to be vigilant because you are more prone to anemia. Here are some steps you can take to prevent it:
1. Eat foods high in iron
Iron is an important component of forming hemoglobin in red blood cells. Hemoglobin functions to bind oxygen and carry it throughout the body. Without adequate iron intake, red blood cells cannot carry oxygen properly.
This makes you vulnerable to iron deficiency anemia, especially during menstruation. To prevent anemia during menstruation, you should increase consumption of foods high in iron such as:
Green vegetables, such as spinach, kale, kale, and broccoli
Red meat and liver
Seafood, especially shellfish and oysters
Soybeans and processed products, peas, cashews, lentils, and chickpeas
Pumpkin seeds and quinoa
Other food ingredients that have been fortified with iron
2. Eating foods that help the absorption of iron
Eating iron-rich foods alone is sometimes not enough to anticipate anemia. Because the absorption of iron can be hampered by foods high in calcium, tea, coffee, and dairy products that you consume every day.
When you experience menstruation, try to limit these foods and drinks to prevent anemia. Instead, you need to eat foods that can increase iron absorption. Among them:
Oranges, lemons, and similar citrus fruits
Mango, melon, papaya, watermelon, and other fruits rich in vitamin C
Sources of vitamin A such as red peppers, carrots and apricots
Chicken and fish
3. Using hormonal birth control
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In the normal menstrual cycle, progesterone production increases a few days before menstruation. The uterine wall is thickened to be ready to support the growth of the embryo. Towards menstruation, the amount of progesterone decreases. The uterine lining becomes thinner and weaker during menstruation.
Hormonal imbalances can cause the uterus to thicken excessively. As a result, you experience more severe menstrual bleeding. Losing a lot of blood during menstruation ultimately makes you vulnerable to anemia.
Hormone birth control helps prevent anemia during menstruation by balancing the hormones in your body. The birth control device you use contains hormones that can thin the uterus so that you don't experience excessive bleeding.
4. Overcoming the health problems that cause it
Apart from hormonal imbalances, there are other health problems that cause heavy bleeding during menstruation. Among uterine tumors, polyps, ovarian dysfunction, use of non-hormonal birth control, to cancer.
If these various health problems have not been addressed, you will continue to experience heavy menstruation that triggers anemia. Try to consult a doctor to detect health problems in your body and determine treatment.
Anemia during menstruation can prevent you from carrying out daily activities. This condition usually occurs in women who experience heavy bleeding during menstruation.
The key to preventing anemia during menstruation is to maintain adequate iron and overcome the factors that cause severe menstruation. For optimal results, also consult your health condition with a trusted doctor.